A migraine can cause a severe pulsing sensation or a throbbing pain, usually on one side of the head. It’s often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with daily life.

It is important to pay close attention to symptoms of a potential migraine in order to appropriately monitor and manage pain. If you or a loved one are experiencing chronic migraines, you’re probably familiar with the following symptoms, but do you know how to manage them?


Due to intense pain in the temple region and the feeling of having heightened senses, nausea is common during a migraine. Vomiting is possible if a person with an active migraine is overwhelmed with nausea. These precautionary steps could help alleviate symptoms of nausea:

  • Loosen your clothing, especially around your stomach
  • Monitor your breathing, take slow deep breaths
  • Apply an ice pack to the head or neck
  • Avoid strong odors
  • Stay hydrated by taking small sips of water

Sound Sensitivity (Phonophobia)

Migraines may impact a person’s reaction to external stimuli. Because of this, a person having a migraine can become extremely sensitive to the sound around them. It is best to take these precautionary steps to limit sound:

  • Turn off or lower all digital noises within the area (television, radio, phone, etc.)
  • Find a quiet place to lay down away from external stimuli
  • Wear earplugs if noise cannot be limited within your area

Ocular migraine symptoms

Ocular migraine symptoms usually go away on their own within 30 minutes. It is recommended to rest your eyes until vision is regained. If a migraine lasts longer, this could be a sign of a bigger health concern, and it is recommended that one consults their doctor. Symptoms of ocular migraines can include:

  • Sensitivity to light
  • Seeing spots or flashing lights
  • Pain behind one eye
  • Seeing spots or flashing lights

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